Male Pattern Baldness or male-pattern hair loss (MPHL) is hair loss that affects the front and the top portion of the scalp. A receding hairline is most common in men. It might be genetic or due to the dihydrotestosterone hormone. It affects men mostly over the age of fifty. This condition is also known asandrogenetic alopecia. The hairs at the first start receding from the sides of the head and gradually the hairs start thinning on the top. Slowly a bald patch starts to develop in the middle too. Only a rim of hair is lefton the head. In some cases, the hair on the rim starts to thin as well, leaving the person completely bald.
How baldness occurs
A man starts to get bald when the hair follicles present on the scalp start becoming smaller. As these hair follicles start to shrink, the new hair that grows is thinner compared to the previous one. After some time, the hair stops growing completely, and the person becomes completely bald.
There are two medicines available for male pattern baldness which has been approved by the FDA namely Rogaine and Finasteride.
- Rogaine can be bought without a prescription and is a rub-on treatment.
- Finasteride also is known as Propecia, must only be taken under a doctor's supervision.
Both the medicines need to be taken on a regular basis so as to retain the benefits. Changes can be noticed only after using it for about four months. Treatments such as hair transplant and laser therapy also help in restoring back the hair.
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